Interesting Corporate Actions – PVR Ltd and TV18

There have been a few interesting corporate actions over the past 2 months. I will elaborate a couple of them here.

a) PVR Ltd – The first one is from PVR Ltd. (of PVR Cinemas fame). I observed this strange set of events way back in August and yesterday’s Devesh’s tweet on the event was the final push required to write this blogpost.

In summary, PVR Ltd. did a buyback in 2011 (in the May-Oct timeframe) and now sold shares (in the Aug-Oct timeframe). You’d wonder if PVR was in the entertainment business or financial engineering business. On the whole, it seems to be value-accretive to PVR, but this buy-sell stuff in the space of 1 year is a little unsettling.

The details.

PVR in June 2011 announced a buyback of shares not exceeding Rs. 26.21 cr representing 9.99% of the company (as an aside, a buyback greater than 10% requires a EGM and hence most companies don’t do it), with the max. share price of Rs. 140/-. 10% of 27,149,372 shares (total equity) represented 2,714,937 as per audited Balance Sheet at March 31, 2011. The Company proposed to buy-back a minimum of 562,000 Equity Shares.

Anyway, cut to the chase, as per this September 2011 notice, PVR had bought back 1,388,328 shares utilizing Rs. 15.82 cr (excluding brokerage and taxes) and that was the end of the buyback (that is approx. 5.1% equity was bought back at an average price of Rs.114/-). As an aside, the book value (net of debt) of PVR Ltd. as of March 2011 was Rs.126.12 cr. That is, 12.55% of book was used to buy approx 5% of equity back – not a great buyback by any standard, but not extremely poor either.

Anyhow, that was history. Cut back to the present. Aug 2012. This news item indicates that a private equity player called L Capital wanted to buy 10% of PVR’s equity at a price of Rs. 200/- (a 7.5% premium on the then market price Rs.186/-). This translated to 28.85 lakh shares (well, there were just 2.595 cr shares after the buyback and then PVR issued a some fresh shares (0.3 cr shares) to L Eco (at Rs.200/-) leading to equity dilution and hence now the equity is actually 2.85 cr shares). With this sale, PVR gets Rs. 57.7 cr for further expansion.  (There is a small bit on further Rs.50 cr investment from L Capital into PVR Leisure, a PVR subsidiary (and PVR will eventually have only a 35-40% stake in this business), but that is not pertinent to this discussion).

So, net-net,

PVR bought back 13.88 lakh shares for Rs. 15.82 cr in Sep 2011.

PVR sold 28.85 lakh shares for Rs. 57.7 cr in Sep 2012.

Is it value-accretive to PVR? Certainly. Even if you consider that the 13.88 lakh shares which were bought back were sold, the firm netted a gain of 75% within one year without considering the extra benefits of the network of a private equity player, the extra investment into the PVR subsidiary etc. Also, the debt has not increased due to the equity sale, so hurrah!

But should PVR indulge in this buying and selling of equity frequently? The jury is still out on that one.

b) TV18 – This Network18 group has always fascinated me. Not like a Page Industries fascinating, but fascinating with their ingenious financial engineering capability.

This time, the Network18 media group decided on the rights issue part of engineering. Of course, all and sundry do know about the Reliance-Raghav Bahl-ETV-Network18-TV18 story and complications, so I will not get into it (please to google, if you are not aware of it – the twists and turns will put the movie ‘Race’ to shame).

I will analyze this TV18 rights issue as an ‘expert’. That is, I will try to exactly explain why the stock moved from the lows of 20 to the highs of 30 today. (Actually, to be fair to ‘experts’, I am cheating. I had done this analysis much before and only blogging about it today). I have had no positions nor will I ever have positions with the Network18 media group. Their skill in shortchanging minority shareholders is unparalleled and since I have a day job, I can’t monitor their schemes daily.

Anyway, here’s the analysis I had done once the rights issue was declared –

The rights issue size of TV18 is Rs. 2700 cr. For every 11 shares held, 41 shares will be issued on a rights basis, each share costing Rs. 20/-. CMP of TV18 Rs. 22/-. If I had 100 shares today (as total equity), post-rights issue, I will have 500 shares for the company. But since the equity is coming through at close to market price, major correction may not happen. In fact, there might be upsides (unless of course, the management dreams up something else). The management of Network18 stock will garner money through its own rights issue and invest in TV18 rights issue. Therefore, the chances of higher allotment are very low (and since the rights price is very close to market price, why would I want to go for a higher allotment?)

The stated intention of the management is that total debt of TV18 would be re-paid and remaining amount would be used to fund the acquisition of ETV channels. The possible increase in revenue due to acquisition of ETV channels aside, this debt repayment has very interesting ramifications on the EPS of TV18.

Consider the P&L statement for the year ending March 31, 2012 (I am looking at standalone results. The consolidated results are much worse, and they are losing money at an operating level). The EBITDA of the company is Rs. 97.42 cr. The interest payment is Rs. 93.48 cr. That is, 96% of the money generated is funding the interest costs. What would happen if the interest costs vanished, since the debt would be extinguished? Let’s do a small financial exercise –

Assume revenue doesn’t increase (which is a pessimistic assumption, since ETV channels are going to earn some revenue). So, EBITDA, say will be around Rs. 97 cr. Now, there are no interest costs to service since the debt has been extinguished, utilizing the funds from the rights issue. Depreciation of Rs. 25 cr. Therefore, PBT is Rs. 72 cr. Due to accumulated losses over the past 6 years (yeah, they have been losing money in all six except the year ending 2012), taxes would be zero. Profit would be Rs. 72 cr.

Now, the equity base currently is 34 cr shares. March 2012 profit is Rs. 9 cr. That is Rs. 0.26 per share. The equity base will increase by 135 cr shares, taking the total equity base to 169 cr shares.

Therefore, technically (forget the interest of June 2012 quarter for a moment), the EPS would be Rs. 72 cr/169 cr =  Rs. 0.42 per share, an increase of 63% in EPS, without any increase in revenue. Of course, now we consider June 2012 interest and Sep 2012 interest (sum approx to Rs. 58 cr). That would bring down the EPS to Rs. 0.09/-, but that’s only in the short term.

If the tailwind of digitization works (Safir Anand’s pet topic) and ETV revenues flow through, at the very least, TV18 is going to earn a decent profit, maybe equivalent to March 2012 profit, but with zero debt. A stronger balance sheet ideally should propel this stock to greater heights. Even considering consolidated results, if the management pays off the entire debt as claimed, I think TV18 will generate a decent profit at the end of FY13. However, I am not buying. Too many ifs and buts.

P.S: If you are on twitter and not following Devesh  (@_devesh_) and Safir (@safiranand), you are missing on interesting conversations. Go, follow!

Disclosure: I have no positions in PVR and TV18 (or Network18). This is not investing advice. This post is only for analysis purposes and not a buy/sell recommendation.


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  1. #1 by Shiv on October 19, 2012 - 12:01 AM

    I don’t know about PVR but companies like TV18 , Ranbaxy( prior to acquisition) which don’t give a damn to the interests of the minority shareholders should even be touched with a barge pole.

  2. #2 by Shiv on October 19, 2012 - 12:01 AM

    I meant “Should n’t”

  3. #3 by YOGESH MAHLA . on October 19, 2012 - 11:40 PM

    What’s wrong in doing this untill and unless it is within the bylaws…They are out there to do business(earn money) for themselves… shareholders bought shares on there discretion they did not tell them to do so… also by this the firm is getting money which ,if utilized properly will give returns to investors only.!

  4. #4 by Kiran on October 27, 2012 - 12:29 AM

    @Shiv @Yogesh – We are talking of two different things. Can we invest in such companies, having a regular day job most probably not connected with investing in the markets and sleep sound at night? I don’t think so.
    On the other hand, if we will be connected to the markets, and we have the mind of a speculator/trader, can we buy shares in such companies? Sure, but just ensure that you have the sufficient risk appetite and heart to ride through the ups and downs of speculation.

  5. #5 by on June 21, 2013 - 3:00 AM

    I think everything wrote made a bunch of sense.
    But, what about this? suppose you added a little information?

    I am not saying your content isn’t solid., but suppose you added a title that grabbed folk’s attention?
    I mean Interesting Corporate Actions – PVR Ltd and
    TV18 | Quest for Value is kinda plain. You could
    glance at Yahoo’s front page and note how they create article titles to grab viewers interested. You might try adding a video or a pic or two to grab readers interested about what you’ve got to
    say. In my opinion, it might bring your posts a little livelier.

  6. #6 by Veloura & Bellagenix on July 23, 2013 - 1:00 AM

    Wow! This blog looks exactly like my old one!
    It’s on a completely different topic but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Excellent choice of colors!

  7. #7 by Denial Management on November 21, 2014 - 6:16 PM

    Thankyou for this amazing article.Great thinking and keep it up.

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